러시아와 중국을 겨냥한 전쟁기도로부터 러시아의 주권수호
크리스티나 코스토우라·게오르기오스 코르코벨로스
Christina Kostoula·Georgios Korkovelos | 영국CPGB-ML부대표
… 우리의 분석은 우크라이나전에서 침략자는 러시아가 아니라 나토라는것이다. 나토는 2차세계대전이후 우크라이나에서 공격적인 행동들을 벌여왔으며 나치와 그후손들을 자신들의 대리인으로 꾸준히 이용해왔다. 특히 미국은 영국의 지원을 받으며 파시스트잔당들을 지원하며 2차대전이후 게릴라전을 벌여왔으며 패전한 지도자들을 서방의 편안한 망명지로 탈출하게 했다. 그들중 상당수는 그후 CIA(미중앙정보국)에 들어갔다. 그들은 사회주의붕괴이후 우크라이나로 돌려보내졌고 이후 제국주의자들의 도구가 됐다. 나토·미국의 명령으로 1991이후 2번의 쿠데타가 자행됐다. 하나는 2004 이른바 <오렌지혁명>이고 다른 하나는 2014 이른바 <마이단운동>이다.
두쿠데타 모두에서 보다 통제하기 쉬운 반러지도부를 세우기 위해 동부와 서부 모두에 우방적인 중립정책을 펼쳤던 선출된 정부들이 제거됐다. 마이단쿠데타이후 <정부>에는 국가에 대한 통제권도, 경제나 국방을 지휘할 능력도 없으며 단지 CIA의 전초기지일뿐이라는것이 더욱 명확해졌다. … 제국주의자들은 우크라이나의 자원을 통제·약탈하고 우크라이나를 러시아를 공격할 기지로 사용하고싶어한다.
… 결국 (돈바스지역에서) 8년간 지속된 전쟁과정을 지켜본 러시아의 민중들과 의회의 압력아래 푸틴대통령은 루간스크 ·도네츠크지역의 독립을 승인하고, 공격에 대비하기 위해 군대를 보낼것에 동의했다. 돈바스에서 러시아인들에 대한 학살과 전쟁이 러시아로 번지는것을 피하려면 우크라이나의 전쟁능력을 신속하게 제거하는것외에 다른 선택지는 없었다. 생물전프로그램의 존재와 늘어나는 핵프로그램의 증거들 역시 주목돼야한다.
긴장고조의 진짜책임은 누구에게 있는가? 우리는 세계자본주의경제위기와 쇠퇴해가는 패권을 회복해보려는 미제국주의의 절박함이 그어느때보다 3차세계대전의 가능성을 높이고있다고 주장한다. 미국주도의 나토는 어떤 수단을 써서라도 우크라이나에서 전쟁을 지속하고싶어하며 러시아정부를 전복시키고 방대한 영토를 분할하고 값진 자원들을 약탈하기를 절실히 원한다. 미국·EU(유럽연합)·영국은 가라앉고있으며 러시아로 시작해 중국으로 이어지는 이번 전쟁의 승리에 많은것을 걸었다. 나토는 <유럽최대규모의공중·미사일통합방어훈련>이라고 부르는 23개국이 참여하는 전쟁연습을 발트해국가들과 폴란드에서 6월에 벌일 예정이다.
… 제국주의는 중국과 러시아와 같이 강하고 독립적인 나라들, 자신들의 주권을 지킬 준비와 능력이 있으며 보다 작은 나라들에게 패권이 아닌 호혜의 관계를 제공할수 있는 나라들의 존재에 극도의 불쾌감을 느끼고있다. 제국주의가 유례없이 악화되고있는 위기에 처한 가운데 러시아와 중국의 승승장구는 서구를 편집증적인 광기로 몰아넣는다. 제국주의적사고방식에서 이런 국가들의 시장과 자원들이 외국독점자본의 약탈과 지배로부터 자유로워진다는것은 상상할수 없는 일이다. 이런 논리에서 러시아와 중국이 빠르게 무너지고 <국제질서의지배>에 동화될수록 서방은 과잉생산위기로 인한 결과로부터 일시적인 유예를 더 빨리 확보할수 있게 된다.
우리는 우파세력에 환상을 가지지않는 전제에서 함께 반제국주의전선을 형성해나가야한다. … 왜냐하면 우리의 주요투쟁대상이자 전략적인 중요성을 가진 주적은 미국이 이끄는 나토와 그대리인들이기때문이다.
Defend Russia’s right to sovereignty against the drive to war against Russia and China
Christina Kostoula and Georgios Korkovelos | Communist Party of Great Britain (Marxist-Leninist)
As the torchlight parades and flaunting of nazi insignia were proceeding with impunity on the streets of Kiev back in 2016, a group calling itself the Ukraine Solidarity Campaign (USC) had emerged in Britain to warn workers against ‘taking sides’ in the conflict. Its argument was, that there are oligarchs and nationalists on both sides in the conflict, with one side backed by western imperialism and the other by ‘Russian imperialism’. Its conclusion was that workers have nothing to gain by affiliation with either side, and that they should concentrate instead upon advancing their own class interests – that’s how the argument still runs nowadays.
… So where do the real interests of the working class lie in all this? They lie in fighting imperialism.
Our party said it back in 2016 and repeats it today that If Ukraine’s workers become complicit in the national oppression of the Donbass, they place an obstacle on the road to their own social emancipation. If Ukraine’s workers recognise the struggle of the Donbass against fascism and against the imperialist agenda as their own, they clear away an obstacle for themselves. And if British workers understand what is really going on in the Ukraine, if they stand in solidarity with the resistance against NATO-backed fascism, then they will strengthen their own fight against capitalism at home.
The government in Kiev demonstrates its fascist character, to the embarrassment of all those who preach that we should not ‘take sides’ in the Ukraine conflict.
Right from the start the Maidan demonstrations had at their core violent fascist groups like Pravyi Sektor (Right Sector) and Svoboda (formerly the ‘Social National Party,’ The violent overthrow of the democratically elected President Yanukovich was led from the front by fascists, as was the massacre of at least 48 people in Odessa’s Trade Union House in May 2014.
In summary, our analysis is that it is not Russia but NATO which is the aggressor in Ukraine. NATO has been carrying out aggressive actions in Ukraine ever since the end of World War 2 and has consistently used Nazis and their descendants as its proxies there. The USA in particular, with support from Britain, sponsored fascist remnants to wage a guerrilla war in the years after WW2, they helped the leaders of that defeated war to escape into comfortable exile in the west; many of them were then absorbed into the CIA. They were brought back to Ukraine after the collapse of socialism and have been a tool of the imperialists ever since. Two coups have been carried out at the behest of NATO/the USA since 1991: the first in 2004 (the so-called ‘Orange revolution’), the second in 2014 (the so-called ‘Maidan movement’).
… Since the Maidan coup, it has become ever clearer that the ‘government’ has no control over the country, no ability to make policy or direct its own economic or military forces, but is merely a CIA front.
The war to resist this coup government and to resist the second-class citizenship it immediately imposed on Russian-speakers has been going on in the Donbass region ever since the Maidan coup of 2014. This context is totally disappeared by western media, who cared nothing for the lives of the 14,000 Ukrainians who had already died in the interests of imperialist profit and domination, for the silencing of opposition voices, or for the rampaging of fascist thugs on Ukrainian streets. The imperialists want to control and loot Ukraine’s resources and to use Ukraine as a base from which to attack Russia.
The fascist forces, who have always had an ideological hatred of Russians, communists and jews, can be relied upon to misdirect the anger of any worker who will listen to them, as well as to be a militaristic force on the streets to put down the resistance of the people. …
The present escalation in Ukraine actually begun by the Ukrainian/US side. The Ukrainian side had signed up to the peace process at Minsk, a process ‘guaranteed’ by France and Germany, but Ukraine’s fascists, armed and emboldened by the US/Britain/NATO, would not allow the implementation of its terms and viewed it merely as a delaying tactic. …
In the end, under pressure from the Russian people and parliament, who had been watching the war’s progress for eight long years (unlike workers in the west, who have been given no information about it at all), President Putin recognised the independence of the territories of Lugansk and Donetsk and agreed to give them military support against attack.
If the Russians wanted to avoid a massacre in Donbass and the spill-over of the war into Russia itself, they had no choice but to act swiftly to remove Ukraine’s ability to wage such a war against its own people. It also had to take note of the existence of the biowarfare programme and the growing evidence of a nuclear programme.
Who is the real responsible for the escalation?
We argue that the global capitalist economic crisis and the desperation of US imperialism to restore its waning hegemony is bringing the possibility of a third world war closer than ever.
The US-led NATO wants to keep the war in Ukraine going by any means necessary, desperate to overthrow Russia’s government, break up its vast territory and loot its valuable resources.
The economies of the USA, the European Union, and Britain are sinking and they have staked a lot on winning this war with first Russia and then China.
… Most left wing parties in Britain, have remained deadly silent on the huge increase in imperialist military hardware in the Pacific. Allowing the US stationing of the THAAD missile system and spying equipment in South Korea represents a major threat not only to DPRK but to China and Russia. It brings more danger than security to the people of Korea and closes the door to peace and reconciliation. Facing a common threat to national security imposed by Washington and Seoul, China and Russia and other regional countries can only come closely together to address the issue.
Ukraine has been used and abused by its ‘friends’ in the west. They subordinated the country’s national interests to those of imperialism, bankrupted its economy, shackled it to IMF debt slavery, groomed the monster of Banderite fascism, encouraged Kiev to a vicious eight-year military campaign of genocide against the people of the Donbass and finally exposed the Ukrainian people to the inevitable backlash.
Having incited Kiev to pick a fight with Russia, the USA slipped away, leaving the regime to face the music. Tragically, it is the Ukrainian masses who will suffer the most.
When it became clear that the supposed ‘defence of the nation’ was in the shaky hands of a demoralised and disintegrating army, supplemented by neo-nazi militias like the Azov battalion whose military expertise consisted primarily in kidnapping civilians and using them as hostages, and an assortment of jihadis and mercenaries, not excluding some from Britain – then it was from the outset obvious that the Kiev junta must face defeat, and would be best advised to sue for peace and save further bloodshed.
But that does not suit Zelensky’s ‘friends in the west’, who are ready to fight to the very last drop of blood.
… Above all, imperialism needs to soften up public opinion ahead of the coming wars with Russia and China.
Perhaps for Ukraine the end of the war, or this phase of the war, is in sight. But the other war – the economic war of sanctions initiated by Washington against Moscow – has only just begun, and will have repercussions that will affect the whole world, a world that is already in the grip of a massive overproduction crisis.
China on the other hand has denounced the sanctions against Russia, thereby boosting the morale of those who, pricked by economic necessity, seek to challenge or evade third-party sanctions. International relations forged in the context of resistance to American bullying may settle into more durable bonds later on. The move from a unipolar to a multipolar world gathers pace and there is a gravitational shift from Washington to Beijing and Moscow.
We argue that the war in Ukraine may come to be seen as a significant milestone on that road.
Our party is one of the very few voices that present the context of this conflict to workers in Britain:
The west-backed fascist coup of 2014, eight years of brutal war by west-trained fascist militia against Russian-speakers in the Donbass, the constant provocations of NATO war rehearsals on Russia’s borders, the deployment of troops and missiles in neighbouring countries … all this context has been disappeared by the leaders of Britain’s mis-named ‘antiwar movement’, who are only too happy to jump on board with the imperialist media’s demonisation of Russia.
Anyone who wants to truly ‘stand with Ukraine’ must surely welcome the chance for its citizens to rid themselves of the fascist thugs and to regain a modicum of independence from the imperialists who have been recolonising their once-proud land.
Imperialism is mortally offended by the very existence of strong and independent countries like China and Russia, countries which are ready and able to defend their sovereignty and which can offer smaller countries relations of reciprocity, not hegemony. The sight of Russia and China carrying on and succeeding whilst imperialism plunges ever deeper into crisis, drives the west into a paranoid frenzy.
… the sooner Russia and China can be broken up and assimilated into the ‘rules-based international order’, the sooner will the west secure a temporary reprieve from the consequences of its own crisis of overproduction.
What can and must be done:
The decline of the Euro-Atlantic axis under the US as global economic, political and military power is clear.
The rise of China and the pole formed around it is also clear.
China’s economic power does not have the corresponding military acquis, apart from its clear superiority in the navy and in some other areas.
Today, Russia, utilizing the USSR-acquired military arsenal, currently has a clear advantage in certain super-weapons.
However, even a quick victory in Ukraine will not solve the problem of the next day for the peoples of Ukraine, Russia and the whole post-Soviet space from the impasses of the bourgeois counter-revolution / capitalist restoration.
Without China’s economic power, present-day Russia is doubtful as to whether it can withstand long-term conflict. As a matter of fact, the pole forming around the role of China unites the countries that have emerged from the most important early socialist revolutions of the 20th century and the associated anti-imperialist / anti-colonial movements.
… We must proceed in siding with the right front and forming anti-imperialist alliances without ILLUSIONS … Because the main target of our struggle and THE MAIN ENEMY OF STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE IS THE US-led NATO and its proxies.